Limited land is not an obstacle to maintain and get pleasure from ornamental plants. Terrarium or vivarium into solution. Terrarium able to present its own artistic value in glass bottles, which cannot be found in plants that just put on the shelf stacking, in pots or even a large garden.
What is a Terrarium?
Terrarium or vivarium is medium or containers made of glass or transparent plastic containing plants, which cater for a variety of needs, such as for research, methods of planting and decorating. It could be argued that the terrarium is the most natural artificial biosphere because biological functions that occur in the terrarium were similar to that occurring in nature. So terrarium can also be used as a mini biology laboratory.
Terrarium will display a miniature garden in a glass media. Terrarium can simulate the actual conditions in the wild in the medium of glass. For example terrarium can simulate desert ecosystem, desert ecosystem, tropical rain forest ecosystem and others.
Terrarium first introduced in the UK. Beginning with the mini greenhouse in the United Kingdom and the nobility then terrarium became famous around the world, including in Indonesia.
Terrarium that is currently available, it can be divided into three categories, namely:
- Open Air Terrarium, the terrarium with the top open or closed. To make miniature plants, such media is the most easy to use and you can even create decorative plants in the terrarium of this kind in a very short time.
- Closed Terrarium, namely terrarium with tightly closed in all parts. The goal is to create a unique biosphere in the terrarium. Terrarium is the most difficult to create and more challenges in making this type of terrarium. Some of the factors that should be of particular concern to a closed terrarium are a matter of the amount of water and proper lighting. Terrarium of this type usually has a small top to put plants and other materials inside the terrarium. Of course this can be a challenge.
- Terrarium animals, as the name implies, this type of terrarium is used to put small animals for display. For example, lizards, iguanas, frogs, small turtles or snakes. The goalis to display replica of the real world fauna in the wild with a move to the attractive glass media.
Terrarium Plant Type
Given the media glass terrarium is limited in size and has a unique biosphere, the selection of plants are placed in the terrarium also be appropriate. Some commonly used plants in the terrarium among others sansiviera, cacti, succulents and bromeliads.
How to Make a Terrarium
As a first step, you can prepare some planting medium and material for decoration. Some media are required, among others, (from top):
Then prepare the equipment that will be used to create a miniature garden in a terrarium. The equipment used is relatively easy to obtain and inexpensive, among others:
- For terrarium, you can use a small aquarium fish, large glass bowls, glass boxes, glass bottles or jars
- Mini spade for planting or spoon
- Clamp (pin set) or chopsticks
- Plastic funnel or paper funnel artificial
- Crop sprayer (sprayer)
- Kettles watering
After all the preparation is complete, it was time make a terrarium. How to make a terrarium is as follows:
- Wash medium glass with hot water and soapy. Rinse and dry the glass media.
- Create a layer of rock or sand or other media at the bottom with a thickness of about 2-3 cm.
- Add charcoal witha thickness of 1-2cm.
- With as poon or mini shovel, add media such as soil humus layer of 5-8 cm thick. Make a little mound to embellish. If you are using an aquarium, you can elevate the mound on one side as a background.
- Dig a small hole in the layer of soil to the roots of plants
- Take a suitable plant, and then clean the roots of the remnants of the soil. Cut the damaged leaves.
- Place the plantina small hole that had been dug up and cover the roots with soil.
- If you use an aquarium or a bigger glass box, you can put some plants in a terrarium. Put larger plants at the back.
- Moisten the soil, but not excessive watering. Enough to wet the soil becomes moist.
- You can beautify your terrarium by adding stones, miniature garden, and even small animals.
- Put your terrarium on a location that is not exposed to direct sunlight.
- Moisten the soil if it starts to look dry. For example, for a succulent plant, you can flush every 5 days. For other types of plants that do not require much water, you can water it once a week.
Treatment Technique Terrarium
Terrarium can be placed indoors for long periods without sunlight, by replacing sunlight with a special lamp. You can put in a terrarium at home, in your display shelf, in the office and gallery. It will add to the uniqueness of the decor of the room and also add to the collection of indoor plants in your room.
Although it is easy, without a careful technique and media, terrarium can not last long. Without proper care techniques terrarium, the plants will languish because of the destruction of the water cycle.
Flush the plant or soil with water when the media starts to look dry. Routinely do the watering once a week or less if required. Cut the leaves begin to break down in order to keep the beautiful plants in the terrarium.
The location of plants is also noteworthy. Do not place in areas exposed to direct sunlight because it can make quick dry soil condition.
If you also put a small animal in the terrarium, terrarium clean the inside of the animal waste and food scraps. Thus your terrarium will still look attractive.
Really unique! Miniature tropical rain forest, desert ecosystem, vegetable gardens and so forth is only possible with a terrarium.